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Carbon Smart List

by Rose Hessmiller last modified Jan 10, 2013 09:00 AM
Carbon Off Set and Carbon Sequestration
File The economics of community forest management in Madagascar: Is there a free lunch? by Jon Anderson — last modified Apr 07, 2013 07:54 PM
This report is an analysis of the "transfert de gestion" activity in Madagascar.
File Trees for Global Benefit: Empowering Ugandan Women with Land Concessions and Tree Planting Benefits: A local-level, implementation initiative by FRAME Administrator — last modified Dec 13, 2017 03:35 PM
Trees for Global Benefit (TGB), an initiative of the Environmental Conservation Trust of Uganda (ECOTRUST), is a cooperative community carbon offset scheme developed to enable poverty reduction through effective management and protection of forestry ecosystems on which local people depend. Integrating gender considerations into REDD+ planning and implementation is a key issue for numerous countries. Leveraging learning and knowledge sharing for gender and REDD+ is essential in moving toward harmonized policy reform and is relevant across many elements of climate change adaptation and mitigation, natural resource management, land use, and benefit sharing. This case study identifies and consolidates existing tools and best practices for greater access and applicability in mainstreaming gender considerations into REDD+.
File Evidence Summary: The Economics of Ecosystem-based Adaptation by Gateway Web Editor — last modified May 09, 2019 10:06 AM
This evidence summary highlights the economics of ecosystem-based adaptation (EbA) approaches, which can offer cost savings compared with other approaches, as well as additional benefits, such as the provision of wild foods, carbon sequestration and biodiversity conservation. It also discusses the cost of EbA versus hard infrastructure, how to use economic data to evaluate EbA approaches and the economic case for EbA.
File Africa Regional Training Workshop Summary Report: Social and Environmental Considerations in REDD+ and Related Natural Resources Management Programs by Leif Kindberg — last modified Jun 15, 2015 03:49 PM
The Africa Regional Training Workshop on Social and Environmental Considerations in reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and the role of conservation, sustainable management of forests and enhancements of forest carbon stocks (REDD+) Programming and Implementation was conducted from February 1 – 6, 2015 in Chisamba, Lusaka, Zambia. The workshop was organized by United States Agency for International Development (USAID), through its Forest Carbon, Markets, and Communities (FCMC) program with support from the USAID Bureau for Economic Growth, Education and Environment (E3) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Forest Service International Programs. The overall workshop goal was to enhance the social and environmental integrity of the work of USAID and partners in Eastern and Southern Africa on REDD+ and related natural resources management programs.
File USAID Biodiversity Policy by Portal Web Editor — last modified Apr 18, 2018 09:21 AM
USAID’s Biodiversity Policy builds on the Agency’s long history of conserving a global biological heritage for future generations and reflects on the recognition of the essential role that healthy natural systems play in advancing resilient societies and ending extreme poverty. This Policy provides a blueprint for how USAID will work to achieve the vision of conserving biodiversity for sustainable long-term development.
File Training Guide: Gender and Climate Change Research in Agriculture and Food Security For Rural Development by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 20, 2014 02:47 AM
Concurrently, it is internationally recognized that addressing gender issues in agriculture reduces hunger and poverty. In fact, it is estimated that more than 100 million people could be lifted out of poverty if women had the same access to and control of resources as men (FAO, 2011a). Although they are important food producers and providers, women presently have limited access to and control of resources. However, to date, these ideas – that climate change and gender issues are integral parts of agricultural development – have not been implemented in an effective way. This guide seeks to fill that gap by supporting work to investigate the gender dimensions of responding to climate change in the agriculture and food security sectors. The final goals are to improve food production, livelihood security and gender equality in the context of the changing climate.
File Social and Biodiversity Impact Assessment (SBIA) Manual for REDD+ Projects: Part 2 – Social Impact Assessment Toolbox (Spanish) by LiLing Choo — last modified Jan 10, 2013 07:31 AM
The Climate, Community & Biodiversity (CCB) Standards, used to assess multiple benefits of the majority of forest carbon projects, provide robust standards; however, until now there has been limited guidance on how to undertake credible and cost-effective impact assessment. Forest Trends, the Climate, Community and Biodiversity Alliance (CCBA), Fauna & Flora International (FFI) and Rainforest Alliance have developed a user-friendly manual that enables land-based carbon project proponents to undertake cost-effective social and biodiversity impact assessment (SBIA). The SBIA Manual is oriented to the CCB Standards, but the approach described is applicable to other multiple benefit carbon standards, as well as to other types of payments for ecosystem services (PES) projects. This is version 2 of the Manual, released in October and launched via a webinar on November 22. There are three (3) parts to the manual 1-Core Guidance for Project Proponents, 2-Social Impact Assessment Toolbox, and 3-Biodiversity Impact Assessment Toolbox). IN SPANISH (Manual para la Evaluación de Impacto Social y sobre la Biodiversidad (EISB) de los Proyectos REDD+: Parte 2 - Caja de Herramientos para la Evaluación de Impacto Social). French and Spanish versions also available (see Related Items)
File Linking Biodiversity Conservation and Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene: Experiences from sub-Saharan Africa by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 07:31 AM
The paper, authored by David Bonnardeaux and commissioned by Conservation International (CI) in collaboration with ABCG members and development partners, is an evidence-based review of how implementers have integrated Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) and freshwater ecosystem conservation to date in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The report takes stock of a selection of experiences from projects taking a more holistic approach to conservation and development.
File 2009 Value Chain Workshop Proceedings by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 07:31 AM
Workshop Proceedings
File Environment and Natural Resources Management Program Supporting Biological Base for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 07:31 AM
Presentation Given at the TransLinks Value Chain Workshop Entitled: “Value Chain Cases in the Context of Conservation Marketing and Certification” June 25-27, 2009 Arusha, Tanzania
File Markets and Payments for Ecosystem Services by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jan 10, 2013 07:32 AM
Presentation given at the TransLinks value chain workshop entitled: “Value Chain Cases in the Context of Conservation Marketing and Certification” June 25-27, 2009 Arusha, Tanzania
File Guidance for Jurisdictional and Nested REDD+ Program Design by Leif Kindberg — last modified Jun 16, 2015 02:57 PM
The objective of this document is to assist in the development of jurisdictional programs and nested projects, as well as to provide further background and context to the JNR Requirements. It provides high level advice on program design and development and is accompanied by a second document Technical Guidance for Jurisdictional and Nested REDD+ Programs that provides advice on specific paragraphs of the JNR Requirements. The primary intended audience for these guidance documents is governments and their partners, rather than project developers.
File USAID/Guatemala Final Performance Evaluations for Four Economic Growth Office Projects by Kelly Gibbons — last modified Apr 07, 2013 07:54 PM
This report examines the development problems facing small agricultural producers, community forestry concessions, community tourism and handicraft producer groups, and the effectiveness of USAID's development plan put forward to address those problems, and the successes achieved or difficulties encountered by implementing partners tasked with carrying out the four projects. The work that was done with agricultural cooperatives is relevant to NWP in particular because they combine conserving Nature through wealth incentives and contributing to community power structures.
File A Global Assessment of Community Based Natural Resource Management: Addressing the Critical Challenges of the Rural Sector by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jul 31, 2014 02:19 PM
CBNRM: AN ASSESSMENT WITH RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE FUTURE. Rural development issues are critical not only for the rural areas themselves but also for addressing pressing global concerns of food security (FS), climate change, biodiversity conservation, poverty reduction, provision of environmental goods and services, and good governance. Community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) has been a rural development strategy for over 30 years. This paper has a two-fold objective: to assess the CBNRM experience in order to improve the performance of CBNRM itself, and to evaluate the lessons learned from CBNRM for critical issues – especially food security and climate change. Featured June, 2013
File Gender Analysis for the Central Africa Regional Program for the Environment (CARPE) Phase III by Portal Web Editor — last modified Sep 17, 2013 10:21 PM
The Central Africa Regional Program for the Environment (CARPE) is one of USAID’s largest and most prominent biodiversity conservation programs. As CARPE will enter its third phase in FY2014 a number of analyses were commissioned to inform the redesign, including a policy analysis and an institutional analysis. To date, a full gender analysis had not been carried out for CARPE although an excellent desk study with key informant interviews (Diamond 2002) provided guidance over the last decade. While gender analysis is required in project design, in this case there was also a need felt by both USAID/CARPE staff and existing partners to fully explore the issue: to document what CARPE has been doing; to consider gender dimensions of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Plus (REDD+) as CARPE III will start significant programming in this area; and most importantly to see how CARPE can contribute to Agency goals of gender equality and women’s empowerment in the challenging context of central Africa.
File CARBON IN DRYLAND SOILS Multiple essential functions by Moffatt Ngugi — last modified Aug 27, 2014 10:45 AM
The carbon cycle has been a core environmental issue in recent decades, especially regarding the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). For many years, carbon was only considered through the lens of global warming mitigation via the reduction of concentrations of atmospheric CO2, a major greenhouse gas* (GHG). Political responses were thus focused mainly on industrial, transportation and energy sectors—major GHG emitters. C ou nt r y c onc er n s, a s ref le c te d i n re sea rch programmes, were therefore initially focused on greenhouse gas fluxes: quantification of global fluxes, identification and quantification of GHG sources and sinks (storage process), and especially the reduction of carbon emission sources and the increase in sinks**. Forest initiatives were also accounted for, but secondarily, via carbon sequestration in woody biomass. Agriculture and soil carbon were, however, overlooked in international negotiations. More recently, following the publication of the Third Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 2001 and the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment in 2005, ecosystem vulnerability took a more pivotal position in scientific and public discussions and issues. Soil vulnerability to climate change, i.e. the vulnerability of organisms they contain or support, their functioning in the ecosystem and thus the services they provide (e.g. erosion control, see next page), is poorly understood. Few studies have focused on the post-disturbance sensitivity and recovery potential of ecosystem services and functions related to the carbon cycle (essential in soil functioning), at plot or more general levels, especially in highly vulnerable dryland regions.
Rural development issues are critical not only for the rural areas themselves but also for addressing pressing global concerns of food security (FS), climate change, biodiversity conservation, poverty reduction, provision of environmental goods and services, and good governance. Community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) has been a rural development strategy for over 30 years. This paper has a two-fold objective: to assess the CBNRM experience in order to improve the performance of CBNRM itself, and to evaluate the lessons learned from CBNRM for critical issues – especially food security and climate change. CBNRM involves defined groups of local people collaborating on utilization and regulating use of natural resources. CBNRM is an approach to empowering rural communities with the knowledge, skills, and authority to sustainably manage natural resources (e.g., wildlife, rangelands, forests, fish, water, etc.). Successful CBNRM initiatives require sustainable natural resource management; benefit streams (financial, social, and economic) that exceed costs; and good governance. Although it is difficult to identify predictable sequences and blueprints for success, many principles of “good” CBNRM have been identified. Each program has its own historical and cultural context and that influence success. Adaptive management and a systems approach, to accommodate the interplay between the realities of the field and the application of principles, are needed. The principles, when applied in a rigorous, integrated, and systematic fashion, greatly improve the chances of successful CBNRM. The paper enumerates a range of these principles and cases where they have been applied with good results. A typology, from transformational to extractive, is presented as an informal tool to assist in the analysis of cases. There are many constraints – technical, economic, cultural, and governance-related – that impede success. A number are presented here with suggestions for overcoming them. Not all constraints are equal, however. A major common constraint is the lack of an appropriate rights framework, often combined with institutional arrangements that are complex, time consuming and costly for rural people. Communities are often put at a disadvantage because they are assigned management “rights” over low value resources that have no other claimants. The ability of CBNRM programs to have significant impacts on the economic growth of rural communities depends to a large extent on the value of the resource base, the distribution of rights over those resources, and the functioning of markets. These are not always aligned in the favor of local communities. CBNRM programs need to systematically analyze these elements along with transaction costs and opportunity costs, in order to understand the incentives and viability of CBNRM programs. Unfortunately, because they involve vested interests and politics, governance and rights constraints may be easier to identify than to change. The assessment revealed interesting examples of “collateral success,” the sometimes hidden improvements in livelihoods and the environment that occur in parallel or tangentially to the main objective of the CBNRM initiative. Collateral success, sometimes as important to local people as success at achieving the initial objective, stems from communities and groups applying the tools, institutions, and methods of CBNRM (such as mechanisms for coordination, planning, rulemaking and sanctions, economies of scale, partnerships, capacity building, advocacy and marketing, etc.) to other resource activities – particularly ones where communities have secure rights, such as livestock and agriculture. The West Gate Conservancy in Kenya, for example, has used the tools and capacity built for wildlife and ecotourism to better manage livestock through group herding, rotational grazing, range improvement, and better marketing. Local communities can be ingenious in their use of the CBNRM tools made X A GLOBAL ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY BASED NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT available to them. Innovative and adaptive, monitoring and evaluation systems are needed to capture this creativity. Collateral success shows the importance of the CBNRM principles and best practices for the pressing challenges of food security and climate change. The critical threats of food shortages, insecurity, and climate change underline the urgency of improving agriculture and natural resources management. The principles, and the mechanisms, institutions, and tools of CBNRM can improve the performance of other rural sub-sectors and will be key to climate-smart agriculture, community-based adaptation, and rural resilience.
File Gobernanza de Bosques Y Redd+: Estudios de Caso del Ecuador by Portal Web Editor — last modified Jun 04, 2013 11:32 PM
La tenencia de la tierra y los derechos de propiedad de los bosques son temas críticos para la nueva ola de instrumentos de política, basados en incentivos que tienen por objeto salvaguardar los bienes públicos que se encuentran en los bosques tropicales (como carbono, agua y biodiversidad), al valorar los bienes y los servicios que prestan y al pagar a las personas que los protegen (Bruce et al. 2010). El perfil más reciente y alto de estos instrumentos, REDD + (Reducción de Emisiones por Deforestación y Degradación), está atrayendo una inversión internacional importante.
File Ethiopia USFS Trip Report: Rangeland Management Planning Mission in Support of USAID PLI II; May 2011 by Jason Ko — last modified Aug 20, 2013 04:25 PM
The primary objective of this mission was to facilitate the development of a pilot rangeland management plan (RMP) that can be used as a template for other regions across the Oromiya and Somali regions in southern Ethiopia. This RMP would be community based, facilitating input and support from pastoralist’s, tribal clan’s, local resource managers, and local governments.
File Ethiopia USFS Trip Report: Prescribed Fire Mission in Support of USAID PLI II; Feb 2011 by Jason Ko — last modified Aug 20, 2013 04:25 PM
A group of prescribed fire specialists from the United States Forest Service travelled to Ethiopia in February and March of 2011 to provide training on prescribed fire planning, implementation and monitoring. There were two other components of the PLI mission taking place at the same time that included a USFS landscape planning specialist (Kurt Wiedenmann from the Wallowa-Whitman National Forest) developing a rangeland management plan and a USFS invasive species specialist (Faith Ryan from the Salmon-Challis National Forest) developing invasive species management strategies. The specialists worked and travelled together through much of the trip, assisting each other when possible while focusing on the components of their own particular missions. The objectives of the prescribed fire mission were to strengthen capacities of communities, NGO’s and government partners in prescribed fire implementation and planning, assist in establishing a prescribed fire monitoring system through the government research system and to work with the landscape planner to include prescribed fire in management plans.
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